|Written by Dr.Md.Redwanul Huq (Masum)|
|Saturday, 23 July 2011 09:55|
Definition of Dysentery:
Definition of dysentery is given as a clinical syndrome of abdominal pain, fever, and
passage of bloody, mucopurulent stool resulting from an inflammatory disorder of the
lower intestinal tract by a bacterial, parasitic, or protozoan infection.
Symptoms of Bacillary Dysentery or Shigellosis(caused by Shigellae):
Limited watery diarrhea
Mild abdominal discomfort to severe abdominal pain
Watery diarrhoea containing blood or mucus
Nausea and vomiting
Mild to moderate dehydration
Life-threatening symptoms ( specially in children <5 years of age):
Hard rigid abdomen
Fever with chills and rigor
Symptoms of Amoebic dysentery or Amoebiasis (caused by Entamoeba histolytica):
About 90% of infections are asymptomatic. In symptomatic cases of amoebic dysentery the
A gradual onset of lower abdominal pain and
Nausea and vomiting
Watery diarrhoea (may pass 10-12 stools per day), which can contain blood, mucus or pus
Diffuse lower abdominal pain
Fever may be present.
Lifestyle modification to prevent and cure Dysentery:
- Wash your hands with soap or ash or mud before handling of foods and after defecation or after handling of children’s feces.
- Don’t eat fresh uncooked vegetables or drink unboiled water.
- Take complete bed rest.
- Apply hot water bag over the abdomen if you have abdominal pain.
Dietary modification in Dysentery :
*During the acute symptoms only orange juice and water or buttermilk should be taken and it is advisable to take very low-pressure warm water enema, only admitting as much water as one can tolerate.
*After recovery from the acute symptoms relatively solidified form of food scan be taken.
*Take small and frequent diets.
*Take foods rich in energy and micronutrients.
*Breast feeding of the baby should be continued.
*In chronic dysentery, the unripe bael fruit can be roasted over the fire and the pulp can be then mixed with water or buttermilk or equal quantity of dried ginger.
Foods To Avoid
|Rice, curd,vegetables, fresh ripe fruits, banana, bael fruit, pomegranate, skimmed milk, lemon juice, pomegranate rind (boiled in milk), vegetable and chicken soup with salt .||Canned fruit juice, carbonated beverages,sweetened tea, coffee.|
|High fiber food (having soluble fiber)- Apples, Barley,Citrus fruits, Strawberries, Carrots, Guar, Legumes||High fiber food (having insoluble fiber)- Whole-wheat flour,Bran, Vegetables,Whole grains,Mature vegetables,Wheat, and edible seeds like flax seeds|