Written by Dr.Md.Redwanul Huq (Masum)
Wednesday, 06 July 2011 09:12

What is Constipation:

Constipation is a symptom which is characterized by either having fewer than three bowel movements in a week or having difficulty in passing stools (i.e, straining) that are often hard, small, and dry.

Symptoms of Constipation:

The followings are the symptoms of constipation

  • Less frequent bowel movement than normal
  • Small, dry, hard, painful stools
  • Straining to eliminate stools
  • Feeling of abdominal fullness
  • Feeling of pressure in the rectum.

What to do in Constipation (Constipation remedies)


  • Respond promptly to the urge to have a bowel movement
  • Establish regular times for eating, adequate rest and elimination
  • Increase your level of physical activity
  • Determine if there are drugs that you are taking that could be contributing to the constipation (with the assistance of your physician ) and ask your physician to see if the drugs can be discontinued or changed
  • Avoid stressful conditions.
  • Avoid chronic use of laxatives and cathartics.


Role of diet in constipation is very significant, so following dietary guidelines should be followed:

  •  Increase intake of insoluble fibers ( Present in Whole-wheat flour, Bran, Vegetables, Whole grains, Mature vegetables,Wheat, Fruits and edible seeds like flax seeds & strawberries)
  • Increase the amount of water(About 8-10 glasses a day) and non-caffeinated beverages.
  • Try to eat a large breakfast
  • Decrease dairy, egg, and meat products to a healthy balance
  • Take 1 or 2 glasses of hot or cold water , plain or with lemon before breakfast
  • Fat – containing foods e.g. butter, cream, & oils are useful for you.

Food Lists :

Foods Allowed

Foods to Avoid

  • Salad, curd,cheese, oil.
  • Fine rice,
  • Leafy vegetables, Carrot, Pumpkin, Lemon like fruits, Ripen papaya ,wood apple, dried fruits- date, orange, wood apple, apple.

  • chapatti made from refined flour.
  • All variety of pulse ,egg, fish, & meat .
  • All kinds of fried foods-,Parata , Luchi ,Chips etc.
  • Rice & flour with bran.
  • Tea / coffee.
  • Plenty of fluids including all kinds of beverage.
  • Potato.

Diet in Constipation (High residue diet with plenty of fluids) :

Sample Menu Plan for Constipation

(Prepared by Mrs. Sharmin Sultana , M.S. in Food & Nutrition )




Early Morning

Warm water

1 glass


Bread (Whole wheat flour)

2 slices

Boiled egg


Seasonal fruit (ripen papaya , wood apple etc.)


Mixed vegetables

½ cup

Mid Morning


1 glass

Toast / Biscuit

2 pieces



2 cup

Mixed vegetables

1½ -2 cup

Fish / Meat

60gm / 2 pieces

Pulse (Dal) (well cooked)

½ cup


Evening Tea

Tea (light )

1 cup


1 slice


Chapatti (with husk)


Pulse (Dal)(well cooked)

½ cup



Mixed vegetables

1½ cup


Before bed time


1 glass

From this list you can get protein -56 gm & total calorie -1300 Kcal.

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